Burgoyne, John


Burgoyne, John
(1723-1792)
   Born in England. Educated at Westminster, and entered the army in 1740. In 1775 served in New England; second in command, 1776, and lieutenant-general, 1777. In the latter year succeeded General Carleton as commander-in-chief of the forces in Canada. After several successful engagements with the Americans, defeated at Saratoga in October, 1777. In 1782 commander-in-chief in Ireland.
   Index: Dr Arrives with reinforcements, 144; marches up Richelieu, 146; returns to England, 163; returns to Canada, haying been promoted over head of Carleton, 171; his personal charm, 174; his previous career, 175, 176; occupies Ticonderoga, 178; injudicious speech of, 178; his surrender at Saratoga, 180; his defence of himself, 182. Hd A court favourite, supersedes Carleton, 112; his disastrous campaign, 113, 126; Hamilton's expedition compared to his, 168.
   Bib.: Dict. Nat. Biog.

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  • Burgoyne, John — born 1722, Sutton, Bedfordshire, Eng. died June 4, 1792, London British general. After serving in the Seven Years War he was elected to the British House of Commons in 1761 and 1768. Assigned to Canada in 1776, he began a campaign to join British …   Universalium

  • Burgoyne,John — Bur·goyne (bûr goinʹ, bûrʹgoin ), John. Known as “Gentleman Johnny.” 1722 1792. British general and playwright. In the American Revolution he captured Fort Ticonderoga (July 6, 1777) but lost the Battle of Saratoga (October 17, 1777). The Heiress …   Universalium

  • Burgoyne, John — (1722, Sutton, Bedfordshire, Inglaterra–4 jun. 1792, Londres). General británico. Después de combatir en la guerra de los Siete Años fue elegido miembro de la Cámara de los Comunes de Gran Bretaña, en 1761 y en 1768. Destinado a Canadá en 1776,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BURGOYNE, JOHN —    English general, and distinguished as the last sent out to subdue the revolt in the American colonies, and, after a victory or two, being obliged to capitulate to General Gates at Saratoga, fell into disfavour; defended his conduct with… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • John Burgoyne — (24 février 1723 – 4 août 1792) général britannique, fut battu par les Américains et se vit contraint en 1777 à signer la capitulation de Saratoga, qui décida la France à s unir aux États Unis pour assurer leur indépen …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Burgoyne — Gentleman Johnny Burgoyne John Burgoyne, auch Gentleman Johnny genannt, (* 24. Februar 1722 in Bedfordshire, England; † 4. Juni 1792 in London) war ein britischer General und Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Burgoyne — Retrato de Burgoyne, por Joshua Reynolds, ca. 1766. El gener …   Wikipedia Español

  • Burgoyne — People named Burgoyne : *Burgoyne Diller (1906 1965), American abstract painter *Hugh Talbot Burgoyne (1833 1870), Irish captain of the Royal Navy, son of John Fox Burgoyne *John Burgoyne (1722 1792), British general during the American… …   Wikipedia

  • John Fox Burgoyne — Field Marshal Sir John Fox Burgoyne, 1st Baronet GCB (July 24, 1782 ndash; October 7, 1871) was a senior British Army officer.Burgoyne was the illegitimate son of General John Burgoyne and opera singer Susan Caulfield. In 1798, he was… …   Wikipedia

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium